BURY ST. EDMUNDS

BURY ST. EDMUNDS, English country town in Suffolk, East Anglia. A Jewish community developed there in the later 12th century, under the aegis of its famous monastery, where Jews were allowed to deposit their deeds and money and send their families for refuge in time of danger. During the slack rule of Abbot Hugh (1173–80) the monastery fell deeply into debt to a group of Norwich Jews. His successor, Abbot Samson, set about freeing it from its debts. In 1181 the Jews were accused of ritual murder and on Palm Sunday 1190, 57 Jews were killed in a massacre. Shortly afterward, Samson procured a royal writ to expel the survivors on the grounds that all inhabitants ought to be vassals of St. Edmund – the first occurrence of its kind in England. The whole episode became famous through Carlyle's account in Past and Present (1843). No basis exists for the suggestion that Moyse's Hall was the medieval synagogue. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Jacobs, Jews of Angevin England (1893), 59–61 passim; Gollancz, in: JHSET, 2 (1894–95), 116–22; Haes, ibid., 3 (1896–98), 18–35; Roth, England; H.G. Richardson, English Jewry under Angevin Kings (1960), 43–44; 80–81. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H.E. Butler (ed.), Jocelin of Brakelond: Chronicle (1949); A.P. Bale, in: S. Delany (ed.), Chaucer and the Jews (2002), 185–210; R.S. Gottfried, Bury St. Edmunds and the Urban Crisis, 1290–1539 (1982); J. Hillaby, "The Ritual Child-Murder Accusation: Its Dissemination and Harold of Gloucster," in: JHSET, 34 (1996), 86–90. (Cecil Roth / Joe Hillaby (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Bury Saint-Edmunds — (spr. berrĭ ßent ĕodmönds), Stadt (municipal borough) in der engl. Grafschaft West Suffolk, in schöner Lage am schiffbaren Lark, nordwestlich von Ipswich, hat (1901) 16,255 Einw. B. bewahrt aus dem Mittelalter mehrere merkwürdige Kirchen (St.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bury St Edmunds — Infobox UK place country = England latitude = 52.2474 longitude = 0.7183 official name = Bury St Edmunds population = 35,015 [United Kingdom Census 2001] shire district = St Edmundsbury region = East of England shire county = Suffolk constituency …   Wikipedia

  • Bury St Edmunds — Original name in latin Bury St Edmunds Name in other language BEQ, Beri Sent Edmends, Beri Sent Ehdmends, Burgus Sancti Edmundi, Bury Saint Edmunds, Bury St, Bury St Edmunds, Bury St. Edmunds, beliseinteuedeumeonjeu, Бери Сент Эдмендс, Бері Сент… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bury Saint Edmunds — ▪ England, United Kingdom       town, St. Edmundsbury borough, administrative and historic county of Suffolk, England, northwest of Ipswich on the River Lark.       At Beodricesworth, as the town was first called, Sigebert, king of the East… …   Universalium

  • Bury St. Edmunds —  Suffolk, England. (No apos.) Bury is pronounced berry …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Bury Saint Edmunds — geographical name town SE England in Suffolk population 28,914 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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